What is Dental Bone Grafting Procedure? What Should You Do?June 18, 2021
If you are scheduled for a dental bone grafting procedure, you are perhaps preparing your gums for an invasive dental treatment. Bone grafting is essential if your tooth-replacement option is a dental implant. However, your dentist may only recommend this procedure if your gums have lost enough bones to support the primary treatment. In case you want to know the condition of your gums, visit MyDentistWestRyde.com.au to schedule an appointment.
Bone grafting is a surgery that substitutes missing bone with material from the patient′s own body, a synthetic, artificial, or natural replacement. A dental bone grafting procedure is possible since the bone tissue can regenerate totally whenever given the space into which it needs to develop. As normal bone grows, it usually changes the graft element completely, bringing about an utterly coordinated region of new bone.
Classification of bone grafts based on material groups:
Autografts: This includes bone from your own body, for example, from your jaw or hip.
Allografts: This graft applies bone from an alternate individual, typically a cadaver.
Xenografts: This includes bone from another species, for example, a pig, cow, or coral.
Alloplasts: This bone graft deals with synthetic material, like calcium sodium phosphosilicate or calcium phosphate.
Good Candidate for Dental Bone Grafts
People may need dental bone grafts for different reasons. However, the most common causes include:
Implant Surgery for Missing Teeth
Individuals who will get implants in place of missing teeth are typical applicants for dental bone grafting procedures. Dental implants are non-natural roots shaped like screws that the oral surgeon surgically placed in the jawbone. After implant surgery, your dentist will place a dental crown on the top of the implant. Regularly, bone grafting is essential to give sufficient support for dental implant surgery.
Gum disease or tooth loss
Even though you are not getting implant surgery, dental bone grafting might be essential to help a segment of the jaw that has lost bone due to tooth loss or gum disease.
Bone loss can begin to influence close by teeth and gum tissue. Settling the jaw with bone grafts can help prevent additional bone loss and the long-term health problems that accompany it.
If gum disease is not dealt with successfully, it can prompt further tooth loss and even coronary illness.
Other patients for dental bone grafts incorporate those whose facial feature has been influenced by bone loss. For example, failure of bone mass in the jaw can result in the appearance showing up shorter than it used to.
If the lower jaw loses bone mass, it can seem to project forward. Without solid bone construction under this, the lips and muscles around the jaw can change apparently. In addition, the skin in the jaw region can show up more wrinkled.
Bone loss in the jaw is common among established grown-ups, similarly to the possibilities of developing the bone-diminishing ailment osteoporosis increment as you age.
In any case, an individual of any age who has suffered an injury to the jaw may require a dental bone graft. In addition to this, those who encountered issues associated with poor dental hygiene or other health problems, like significant infections, may face similar issues that may lead to the need for a bone grafting technique.
Preparation For Dental Bone Grafting Procedure
You do not have to do a lot to prepare for a dental bone graft. Check this simple list of what to do before the treatment:
- Avoid consuming anything for at least 8 to 12 hours before the method, depending on the kind of anesthesia you will get.
- Inform your doctor about the prescriptions you use, particularly blood thinners, which increase the risk of bleeding difficulties during surgical procedures.
- Make preparations to return home afterward, as you will be sleepy and tired after the process.
Dental Bone Grafting: How Is It Performed?
Here is how a dentist or oral surgeon performs the usual dental bone graft procedure:
- The dentist or surgeon will give you anesthesia before the process. They will also monitor your vital signs throughout the procedure.
- Then the dentist will clean the affected part.
- Afterward, your surgeon will make a cut in the gum to distinct it from the bone where the graft is to be set up.
- Then the surgeon will put the bone material between two areas of bone that need to develop together.
- The surgeon will secure the bone graft using a dissolvable sticky material or film or with unique screws.
- Then they will stitch the cut to start healing.
Types of Dental Bone Grafts
There are three fundamental kinds of dental bone graft techniques. Each one is beneficial for various conditions affecting the jaw.
Block Bone Graft
The technique takes the bone from the jawbone’s back, close to your wisdom teeth or where they used to be.
The dentist usually performs a block bone graft in situations where the patient has significant bone loss toward the front of the jaw.
Bone loss can happen close to the upper molars, permitting the sinuses to the dropdown. In that case, a surgeon or dentist performs a bone graft procedure to reestablish upper jaw stability while also moving back the sinuses in their appropriate position.
The dentist uses this technique at the same time they extracted the tooth. Socket graft helps avoid a bone loss that may somehow happen once they removed the tooth.
Recovery Time and Aftercare for Dental Bone Grafting
After the procedure, you will likely leave the dentist’s clinic with a cloth pressed around the entry point in your mouth.
Your dentist may recommend you change the dressing for the next 24 hours. They may also prescribe antibiotics to help avoid infection and other medications for pain relievers.
Other aftercare tips include:
- eating soft, bland foods for the initial days
- using ice packs to help diminish swelling and pain for the first day or two
- resting with your head raised lightly the first night or two to help keep blood from pooling at the site of the cut
- In the initial healing period, you should stay away from:
- crunchy or hard foods like nuts
- hot foods or drinks, such as soup or coffee
- any physical activity, for example, strenuous exercise or contact sports, that may cause the cut in danger
Your jaw should begin to feel okay following a few weeks. Yet, it usually requires a couple of months before your jaw is sufficiently able to get implants.
Additionally, make periodic appointments with your dentist, including at least one take of x-rays, to keep an eye on healing during this time.
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